Children Act deals with crimes committed by minors. The age to be considered a young offender may be different from state to state, but is typically around age 17. Generally, the offender must have been under 18 when the crime was committed to be considered young. If your child or someone you know is being accused of a crime, the following information can help you understand the basics of juvenile law process.
When juvenile crime is reported parental relationship and a hearing is scheduled. After the case is deemed worthy of prosecution, the court date is scheduled. Depending on the nature of the crime and many other factors, the child may be detained or released into the custody of their parents or guardians until the court date.
Juveniles have the same constitutional rights as adults. These rights include the right to remain silent, the right to have the attorney present, the right to cross-examine witnesses to speak against them and so on. In juvenile cases, as in adult cases, police must inform suspects of these rights. In many countries, social workers or counselors also assigned to criminal cases involving children and defendants.
crimes committed by children, ranging from traffic violations and petty theft to serious crimes like rape or murder are prosecuted by city, state or federal agencies. Court cases tend to be a little more informal than a typical adult prosecution. In most states, the court records in juvenile cases sealed so that no one from the public can access them. If after the case is tried in court the juvenile is determined to be guilty, he or she is doomed.
jury vs. conviction
Traditionally in juvenile criminal cases the focus has been on reform rather than punishment. Because of this, prison sentences have usually been less than they are for adults committing similar crimes. Unlike conviction, juvenile court adjudication remains of our child as far as job applications go. Most states require that juveniles sentenced to be released on turning 18.
landscape juvenile law is beginning to change somewhat in many countries. More juveniles are treated in adult court, especially in very severe cases. In addition, focus is beginning to shift a little bit of improvement punishment. Make sure you speak with a qualified attorney in your area who can explain how JUVENILE COURT works in a particular municipality website
Some types of judgment made in juvenile cases :.
o Fines or recovery
o Community Services
o JUVENILE DETENTION (prison)
If there is even the slightest suspicion in the minds of the parents that their child may have committed a crime, it is important to hire a good attorney. If the juvenile is found to be guilty by the court, a good lawyer who is well versed in these types of cases can be spent in negotiating a less severe punishment.